Posted on July 30, 2022
It’s notorious that the Northern dialect admits Scandinavian conditions freely; in addition to exact same is true, so you’re able to a lower life expectancy degree, regarding Eastern Midland. 89 The ceaseless invasions of your own Danes, and also the subjection from England beneath the laws of three Danish leaders, Canute with his a couple successors, have quite materially improved all of our code; and is superior they own perhaps done even more to own all of our languages than for the quality words. The new ascendancy of Danish code was at the latest eleventh millennium; but (with many conditions) it was well before conditions and this need really have started lead at that time began to can be found in our books. They should certainly was indeed looked at, within very first, as being old-fashioned otherwise dialectal. I have nowhere viewed they remarked, and i thus telephone call focus on that, one to a certain notice out-of traditional supply however clings to a lot of terms in the group; and i also manage instance such as these: bawl, distended, blunder, bungle, clog, clown, awkward, to help you cow, in order to rage, dowdy, dregs, cure, and even more from a fancy reputation. I do not say that such as terms cannot be in major literature; nonetheless need competent dealing with.
Within long number, filling 80 columns, new dialectal terms try noted with a beneficial dagger †. But 90 the list of this type of is through zero form exhaustive, and it will surely wanted a careful search through the pages out of the English Dialect Dictionary to-do justice towards the useful which Old Norse ability. There was a great summary of this subject from the Arnold Wall structure, titled “A contribution to the Study of new Scandinavian factor in the latest English Dialects,” printed in the German periodical called Anglia, Neue Folge, Ring viii , 1897.
Regarding dialectal Scandinavian, understand the Variety of English Conditions, than Icelandic, during my Appendix so you can Cleasby and you can Vigfusson’s Icelandic Dictionary
We today offer a list, a mere possibilities, of some of one’s more remarkable terms regarding Scandinavian supply you to definitely are known to the dialects. For their some uses and you will localities, comprehend the English Dialect Dictionary; and for its etymologies, see my List so you’re able to Cleasby and you may Vigfusson. Many of these terms and conditions are well accepted and you will forcible, and may also possibly be reproduced hereafter to strengthen the literary words.
For additional pointers, see the part on “This new Scandinavian Consider English,” in my own Prices regarding English Etymology, Collection We
Addle, to make; and you will (in Barbour, aynd) sb., breath; arder, an excellent ploughing; arr, a mark; arval, a funeral service repast; aund, fated, destined; bain, able, convenient; bairns’ lakings, child’s toys; beck, a circulation; larger, to build; bigg, barley; google, a stack; birr, impetus; blaeberry, an effective bilberry; blather, blether, blank noisy cam; bouk, the back of the body; boun, ready; braid, to help you be like, when planning on taking immediately after; brandreth, an iron construction more a flame; brant, steep; cousin, a feet-bridge with just one railway; bule, bool, this new curved deal with regarding a container; busk, to set up 91 oneself, dress; caller, fresh, said of seafood, an such like.; carle, an austere, peasant; carr, moist surface; cleck, in order to hatch (due to the fact chickens); cleg, a pony-fly; coup, to replace, to barter; dag, dew; daggle, so you can path from the wet; dowf, bland, heavier, stupid; remove, a-deep pond.
Elding, eliding, fuel; ettle, so you can desire, point during the; feal, to cover up; fell, a mountain; fey, destined, fated to help you pass away; flake, a barrier; push, a liquids-fall; gab, lazy speak; acquire, adj., smoother, suitable; gait, a beneficial hog; gar, resulting in, and then make; garn, yarn; garth, an industry, a garden; gate, an easy method, street; ged, a pike; gilder, good snare, a fishing-line; gilt, an earlier sow; gimmer, an earlier ewe; gloppen, so you can scare, terrify; glare, so you can stare, so you’re able to glow; goam, gaum, in order to stare idly, to help you gape, whence gomeril, good blockhead; gowk, a great cuckoo, an excellent clown; gowlan, gollan, a good marigold; gowpen, a two fold few; gradely, respectable; graithe, to set up; grice, an earlier pig; haaf, the new discover ocean; haver, oats; exactly how Saint Paul escort service, a beneficial hillock, mound; immer-goose, ember-goose, the great North scuba diver; ing, a beneficial lowlying meadow; intake, a freshly enclosed otherwise reclaimed percentage of belongings; keld, a springtime of water; kenning, knowledge, experience; kilp, kelp, the fresh new metal hook up in the a chimney on what pots was hung; kip, to catch fish during the a specific method; kittle, to help you tickle; lain, lane, to help you hide; lair, a muddy put, a simple-sand; lait, to get; river, to relax and play; lathe, a great barn; lax, a fish; lea, a scythe; leister, a seafood-spear having prongs and barbs; lift, air, sky; lig, in order to lay-down; ninety five lispund, a varying weight; lighted, so you’re able to dye; loon, the latest Northern diver; lowe, a flames, an effective blaze.